CAT Search - Positional Operators: Adjacent, Near, Same, With

Four positional operators let you NARROW your search results: Adjacent, Near, Same, With. When you use these operators, The CAT only retrieves terms that occur in the same field (author, title, subject, etc.) within the same bibliographic record.

 

Adjacent

ADJACENT is a "positional operator" that enables you to get more precise search results. This is especially helpful to avoid large results sets.

Adjacent is the most precise of all operators, as it specifies the order of words, and how close their proximity to each other. Use Adjacent when you want very specific results.

Type "adj" in the search box, between the words you are searching for. You can use either Quick Search or Advanced Search. Just remember to put all terms in the same search box. Here's what happens:

Adjacent Operators
Term Example Results
ADJ higher adj education Search results will be adjacent (side by side), and in the same order as you typed.
ADJ n
(n=number)
higher adj3 education Search results words will be separated by no more than the number of words you specify, and in the same order as you typed
 

Near

Near is one of several “positional operators” in The Cat. Near allows you to search for two terms next to each other, in any order. Both terms must be in the same field (i.e. Author, Title, Journal Title, Subj Heading).

Select the Advanced Search from the Other Searches box at the right side of the screen. Select your search type from one of the dropdown menus (author, title, LC Subj, etc.) and enter your terms.

Example: Chinese NEAR art

 

Same

Same retrieves records that have the specified terms in one field of the record such as title. The terms may occur in any order and in any sentence in the field.

Example: tigers SAME conservation will retrieve records with the following wording:

  • Conservation of the Siberian tigers
  • Tigers: A Guide to Conservation in Asia
  • The majority of tigers are found in Southeast Asia. Conservation programs are working to save these magnificent animals.
 

With

With is one of several "positional operators" in The CAT. With allows you to search for terms in the same sentence of the same field in the record. 

Select the Advanced Search from the Other Searches box at the right side of the screen. Select your search type from one of the dropdown menus (author, title, LC Subj, etc.) and enter your terms.