Viktor Lowenfeld papers, 1880-1985

587

Collection Overview

Title:
Viktor Lowenfeld papers
Dates (Inclusive):
1880-1985 (bulk 1930-1955)
Dates (Inclusive):
1930-1955
Creator:
Lowenfeld, Viktor
Abstract:
Viktor Lowenfeld (1903-1960) was a seminal figure in art education. Born and educated in Vienna, he fled to the United States around the time that his first English book The Nature of Creative Activity (1939) was published. He taught at Hampton Institute (1939-1947) and Penn State (1947-1960) until his death.
Abstract:
The collection, dating mainly from 1930-1955, includes primarily artistic source materials used to research human cognition and creativity, as well as manuscripts for Viktor Lowenfeld's books and articles. There is also some correspondence and a few records related to his work at The Pennsylvania State University and the Hampton Institute.
Collection Number:
587
Size:
10.6 Cubic feet
Location:
For current information on the location of these materials, please consult the Special Collections Library  library catalog.
Repository:
Special Collections Library. Pennsylvania State University.
Languages:
English

Biographical Note

Viktor Lowenfeld (1903-1960) was a Viennese artist, scholar, psychologist, educator, prolific writer and speaker, and professor of art and art education. Born in Linz, Austria, he graduated from the College of Applied Arts and the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna. While teaching, he earned a doctorate in education from the University of Vienna (1928), and served as the director of art in the Blind Institute. He fled to the United States around the time that his first book The Nature of Creative Activity (1939) was published in English. In the United States, he taught at Hampton Institute (1939-1947), establishing its art department. He is known primarily for his scholarship on creativity and his textbook on art education, Creative and Mental Growth, published in 1947, about the time he transferred to Penn State. There he taught art education in the Department of Home Economics from 1946 until 1957 when the Department of Art Education was created.

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Collection Overview

The Viktor Lowenfeld Papers date from 1880-1985 with the bulk of the collection dating from 1930 to 1955. Materials consist of artwork including photographs of sculptures from Austrian children--blind and sighted, visual and haptic, as well as children's artwork from American psychiatric hospitals, schools for the blind, public schools, and Penn State Saturday art classes. Adult student artwork, including works by Charles White, John Biggers, and Samella Lewis, comes from the Hampton Institute and Penn State. In addition, there are two clay sculptures, manuscripts for Creative and Mental Growth and other notes and writings, lectures, correspondence, photographs, digital audio recordings of lectures from 1958 (transcribed and published by John Michaels in 1982, as The Lowenfeld Lectures), biographical material, and personal items.

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Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

Collection is open for research.

Copyright Notice

Copyright is retained by the creators of items in these papers, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Viktor Lowenfeld Papers (587), Penn State University Archives, Special Collections Library, Pennsylvania State University.

Processing Information

Processed by Special Collections staff.

Existence and Location of Copies

There are digital surrogates available for some materials.

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Controlled Access Headings

Genre(s)

  • Artifacts
  • Graphic
  • Photographic

Personal Name(s)

  • Lowenfeld, Viktor

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Collection Inventory

Click associated checkboxes to select items to request. When you have finished, click the Submit Request button.

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General note

AN 4217 AN 5786 Original Drawings

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