Pennsylvania Shale Energy web archive


Collection Overview

Pennsylvania Shale Energy web archive
Dates (Inclusive):
Collection Number:
1 Terabytes
Special Collections Library. Pennsylvania State University.

Biographical / Historical

The Marcellus formation is a layer of sedimentary rock deep underground that contains a vast deposit of natural gas trapped within shale. The formation stretches from New York to West Virginia, and underlies much of western and northern Pennsylvania.

Hydraulic fracturing (sometimes called "fracking") is a process of using pressurized water and chemicals to drill through underground rock formations. It has been utilized to drill oil and gas wells since 1950. In 2003, Range Resources, an oil and gas exploration and production company, piloted a combination of hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling in Washington County, Pennsylvania, initiating an energy boom in Pennsylvania that has had widespread economic, environmental, cultural, and political implications.

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Scope and Contents

The Pennsylvania Shale Energy web archive is a collection of archived websites related to the topic of shale and natural gas in Pennsylvania. Main topical areas include: background information, health and environmental impacts, economic impacts, media coverage, government and policy, and science and technology. A particular emphasis has been placed on documenting possible ephemeral content, such as the efforts of community groups impacted by hydraulic fracturing in locales across Pennsylvania. The web archive contains a wide variety of documentation in many different formats, including photographs, maps, videos, datasets, and reports. Content from social media websites such as Facebook and YouTube is also included in the collection.

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Administrative Information

Access to Collection

Collection is open for research.


The Special Collections Library adds new web captures to this collection on a regular basis; extent and dates listed might not reflect more recent additions.

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Websites have been captured by the Special Collections Library using the Internet Archive's Archive-It service, beginning in 2013. All dates in the inventory refer to the date of initial capture, though many websites are being re-captured on a regular basis.

Existence and Location of Copies

Captured websites are accessible online at:

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Controlled Access Headings


  • Web archives


  • Energy and Environment -- Oil and Gas

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Collection Inventory

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