Crease and Fold Release Treatment for Newspapers
Supplies and Tools
- Solution of 50% ethyl alcohol (95% proof) and 50% distilled water
- Artist's brush or cotton swab
- Blotting paper cut into wide strips
- Dip the brush or swab into the solution.
- Remove excess solution from the brush or swab.
- Brush the solution along a crease.
- Unfold just far enough to brush along the inner fold.
- Place unfolded crease between two strips of blotting paper.
- Press out remaining solution.
Humidification Chamber for Newspapers
- Plastic storage tub with tight-fitting lid
- Large enough to accommodate an unfolded newspaper without it touching the sides of the tub
- Deep enough to accommodate the paper, the grid, and the reservoirs.
- Plastic grid
- Use a light diffuser panel used to cover fluorescent lights in drop-ceilings.
- Cut to fit the size of the tub.
- 4 reservoirs
- Use plastic food storage containers.
- Fill with room temperature water to reduce condensation inside the chamber.
- Blotting paper
- Cut slightly larger than the unfolded newspaper.
- Assemble the humidification chamber
- Set reservoirs in four corners of tub bottom.
- Lay plastic grid on top of reservoirs.
- Lay newspaper on top of grid.
- Put the lid on the tub.
- Check the progress periodically
- Humidifying time will vary
- Do not leave the lid off for long, or the humid air will escape, and this will prolong the humidification process.
- When the newspaper is ready to remove, it will lay unfolded or unrolled on its own, and it may feel cool and slightly damp.
- Once the newspaper has relaxed, dry it between two sheets of blotting paper.
Surface Cleaning of Newspapers
- Soft brush (cosmetic or artist)
- Plastic eraser (white, non-abrasive vinyl)
- Sand paper
- Kneaded rubber eraser
- Do not attempt to clean very brittle, fragile papers.
- Use gentle techniques and the least amount of pressure.
- Test a small area to be sure it will not smudge or be removed by the cleaning process.
- Work on a clean flat surface.
- Use brush to remove loose dirt by sweeping brush slowly and gently over surface.
- Start at the middle and work toward the edges, brushing in one direction and in a straight line.
- Gently rub the soiled paper with the plastic eraser in a small, circular motion.
- To clean around tears, rub the eraser parallel to the tear, in one direction.
- To clean along edges, rub the eraser in a single direction, moving from the paper onto the work surface.
- As dirt is picked up by the eraser, clean the eraser by rubbing it across a sheet of sand paper.
- Use the kneaded rubber eraser to press and lift the dirt from the paper, and then knead the soiled part back into the rest of the rubber material.
- Use brush to remove bits of eraser from the paper and to keep work area under and around the paper clean.
- Clean and dry the brush completely before re-use.
- Do not over clean a document.
Archival Tape Repairs
Archival Tape Characteristics
- pH-neutral adhesive
- Extremely thin
- Use small pieces of tape 1/4 to 1/2 inch wide.
- Strategically tack the tear by placing small pieces in blank spaces between columns or in ads.
- Do not use long continuous strips of tape.